Tax foreclosure may occur if you do not pay your New York property taxes on time. In New York, whenever you fail to pay your taxes, the overdue amount (consisting of the outstanding interest, penalties, taxes, and charges) will become a lien on your house. A “lien” refers to a legal claim made against your assets.
The tax authorities may then execute the lien in order to retrieve the outstanding payments. In New York, few places offer tax foreclosure certificates, this means they put on sale the lien that is existing on the house instead of foreclosing to pay the delinquent property taxes.
This article will provide you with further information on how long you may go without paying property taxes in New York.
New York Tax Process
The municipality assesses the market value of each property and bases tax obligations on an assessed value which is a percentage of the market valuation. Every type of property has its own set of evaluation criteria. Limitations or phase-ins limit the rise in evaluated value.
The evaluated value rise rate from one year to the next or over a five-year period is limited for tiny dwellings and flats in small buildings. Whereas this shields property owners from rapidly rising prices, a less evident impact is that it reduces the ETR for houses in places with rising property values while keeping it higher for homes in communities with declining or constant values. Property ETRs will decline over time if market values grow faster than the five-year maximum.
Commercial properties and large residential structures are not subject to the assessor’s value growth limitations, however, the increase in value in a given year is phased in over a five-year period. In general, the impact over several years is smaller than that of a cap, although it does result in developing inequities.
As with caps, such provisions already have the additional effect of imposing high ETRs on units in communities with stable or decreasing values while massively lowering ETRs on segments in communities with increasing values, with the most significant benefit going to those who derive the most benefit from property appreciation.
The bulk of the variance in ETR among properties of a similar kind is attributable to plenty of exemption programs, each with its own set of qualifying standards and benefit levels. Individual or “personal” exemptions lower taxes on owner-occupied residential properties depending on the owner’s income, residency, disability, or age.
Exemptions for economic and housing development are made available to properties so as to stimulate economic growth and development (or renovation). Housing development exemptions are available for both owner-occupied and rental developments.
Length You Can Go Without Paying Property Taxes in New York
You still have time in New York State to preserve your property from tax foreclosure. Throughout this time (known as a “redemption period”), one can pay all overdue taxes and other costs in order to avoid foreclosure—a procedure known as “redeeming” the house.
In most cases, the redemption time ends two years from the date of the lien (that is when other legal charges or taxes become liens). Local legislation, on the other hand, may allow for a prolonged redemption time. (New York Real Property Tax Law § 1110.)
The foreclosure process usually begins three months prior to the expiry of the redemption term. (New York Real Property Tax Law § 1124.)
What Happens If You Stop Paying Property Taxes in New York?
If you do not pay your New York property taxes on time, you may face tax foreclosure. The tax foreclosure method in New York is comparable to the mortgage foreclosure procedure. In court, a petition (lawsuit) is filed. Once you don’t react to the action by submitting a response outlining your arguments, the court will impose a default judgment against the property.
A “default judgment” indicates that you will inevitably lose since you did not respond to the claim. Ultimately, either the tax district takes immediate ownership of the property or an auction is organized to sell it. (New York Real Property Tax Law § § 1120, 1136.)
A foreclosure notice must also be placed in a newspaper when the foreclosure petition is filed (New York Real Property Tax Law § 1124). The enforcement officer should send you the notice communicating that the foreclosure has commenced by first-class and certified mail on or before the first date of publication (New York Real Property Tax Law § 1125.) The notification must indicate a redemption deadline that is at least three months following the date of the notice’s initial publication. (New York Real Property Tax Law § 1124.)
If the mailings are returned and there is no other address to which they can be sent, the notification must be placed on the property. (New York Real Property Tax Law § 1125.) The notification will include information such as the last day to redeem.
Can You Lose Your House if You Don’t Pay Property Taxes in New York?
Inability to meet your (NYC) New York City property tax payments on time may result in a tax foreclosure. Every state has legislation that allows the taxing authority, generally the county, to get a lien on a property if the homeowner falls behind on their property taxes. Property tax liens are awarded first-lien status under most state statutes and are superior to other liens, particularly mortgages, irrespective of whether the mortgage was recorded before or after the tax lien.
When real estate taxes are unpaid for a long enough period of time, the taxing body will usually commence a tax auction. In general, a list is kept in the county records that includes the taxpayer’s name, the property’s address, and the amount of tax owed, and the list is frequently published. The taxpayer will get some type of notice of the tax sale, but no court action is necessary for most jurisdictions.
In certain jurisdictions, the property alone is put up for sale and given to the highest bidder during the tax sale. In some states, the purchaser receives a certificate of purchase rather than the property itself; once the redemption time passes, the purchaser gains title to the property. Other authorities sell tax certificates, which allow the certificate holder to foreclose the tax lien. In other cases, the taxation body simply enforces its lien by taking possession of the property.
What to Do if You Can’t Afford Property Taxes in New York
Whether the sizzling housing market cools, as some real estate professionals predict, millions of householders have already been burnt by the property tax increases that have followed their surging house values. What should you do if you are unable to pay your property taxes?
1. Do not ignore the bill
Opening a big property tax bill seems to provoke a “flight” reaction in low and moderate-income senior citizens who lack the financial ability to pay it. Ignoring the situation, on the other hand, worsens it.
When homeowners fail to pay their property taxes, the local taxing entity will begin imposing interest, late fines, or both on the outstanding amount, increasing the bill. The local government might even place a lien on the property, forcing it to be sold.
2. Obtain (the appropriate) assistance
The first step is to find a U.S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD)-approved counseling agency in the area where you or a loved one resides. HUD’s housing counseling page includes a map of approved organizations, or you may use the contact information to phone the agency’s interactive voice system at 800-569-4287 to find a nearby office.
3. Don’t fall prey to predatory lenders
Predatory lending is one of the most serious threats to older persons who are facing financial difficulties. Antoinette Smith, ESOP’s counseling director, expressed concern over new data indicating that the usage of payday loans by Americans aged 62 and older had quadrupled in the last five years, with annual percentage rates reaching 372%.
4. Make a solid payment plan
New Yorkers on fixed incomes may sometimes find it difficult to pay hefty, lump-sum biannual, or quarterly expenses. However, many tax collectors provide programs under which homeowners, particularly those in financial difficulty, might qualify for an installment agreement and pay their property taxes over time.
5. Be wary of scammers
Scammers would not want to lose out on this wonderful opportunity to take advantage of tax-distressed senior households, so they may offer quick cash or increased Social Security benefits. Avoid the threat by brushing up on your fraud-avoidance abilities and ensuring that your loved one understands how to avoid being caught in a scammer’s sight.
Property taxes are frequently paid under an escrow account established by the mortgage lender. The debtor must then pay the lender extra monies for property taxes, along with homeowners’ insurance and, in certain circumstances, homeowners’ association fees, as part of the monthly payment, in addition to the principal and interest.
Do you have a residence in New York? If so, you’re likely familiar with New York property tax. These taxes can be rather expensive, especially if you do not qualify for property tax exemptions in NY or have a low income.
Selling a property is the greatest option for many homeowners. As a homeowner, you may be wondering, “Who will buy my house in Nassau County?” Well, you don’t have to worry. We buy homes in New York in any location or condition.
If you need to make a sale of your home quickly in New York to avoid a tax lien, we’re also cash home buyers in Suffolk County who buy properties all throughout the state. We also do not charge realtor fees and will buy your house as-is. Feel free to contact us today.